Peace and Security
- Peace and Security
Ghana is seen as a beacon of stability within West Africa; however, it suffers from a variety of prolonged community level conflicts nationwide. According to national security sources there are an estimated two hundred plus major chieftaincy disputes across Ghana. These disputes have escalated into full scale conflict in the past, exacerbated by the prevalence of small arms and light weapons in the region.
There are many factors contributing to community level conflicts in Ghana, not all are connected purely to chieftaincy disputes; Ghana has also seen conflicts arise over land and resources, religion and at the time of elections. The most high profile conflict in recent years occurred in 2002 in Yendi Northern Ghana, between the Abudu and Andanu clans over the succession of the King of Dagomba. This resulted in the gruesome assassination of long serving King Ya Na Yakubu Andani and the deaths of forty (40) other people. Other conflict hotspots include Bawku in the Upper East region, close to the border with Burkina Faso, where there has been ongoing tension between the Mamprusis and Kusasis.
The causes of conflict in Ghana are rooted in the low level of economic and social development suffered by some areas; weak governance at District level and ethnic and religious intolerance.
Implications of a lack of Peace and Security in Ghana:
- Conflict weakens the political authority of Governments and the national economy.
- Populations are displaced by conflict and within Ghana, this has contributed to the ‘kayaye’ phenomenon where young people flee their communities to urban town.
- Youth are especially marginalised during times of conflict as they are also easily mobilised by conflict actors for violence.
- Women tend to bear the greatest impacts in conflict and post conflict situations; conflict further halts progress to gender equality.