Since 2001, FOSDA has launched a number of successful national and sub-regional awareness programmes targeting civil society, parliamentarians, the ECOWAS Secretariat (now commission), West African Government Institutions, the Africa Union, the United Nations and development partners to address the negative impact of small arms and light weapons (SALW).
FOSDA initiated the campaign for the renewal of the ECOWAS Moratorium in 2001 and 2004 by mobilising civil society organisations in West Africa and other members of the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) to lobby their governments to support the call for the renewal of the Moratorium for three more years. Following the second renewal of the Moratorium in 2004, FOSDA worked with members of the West Africa Action Network on Small Arms (WAANSA) to push for the transformation of the Moratorium into a legally binding Convention.
The ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials was adopted by the Authority of Heads of State and Government on the 14th June 2006 in Abuja, Nigeria. It entered into force with the deposit of the 9th instrument of ratification by the Government of the Republic of Benin on the 29th September 2009. Ghana ratified the convention in March 2010.